Highly Prevalent Orthopaedic Conditions Affecting Patients in the Indian Subcontinent

The musculoskeletal system, which includes your bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage, plays a vital role in movement and overall well-being. A variety of conditions can affect this system, and these are addressed by the field of orthopaedics. Here, Dr. Vatsal at the Khetan Knee Shoulder Clinic discusses some of the most common orthopaedic conditions seen in patients in the Indian subcontinent.

Common Orthopaedic Conditions:

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: This condition arises when the median nerve in your wrist becomes compressed by the carpal tunnel ligament. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and tingling in the thumb, index, middle, and half of the ring finger. Treatment options vary depending on the severity and can include physiotherapy, medication, or surgery. [Carpal Tunnel Syndrome](link to a page on carpal tunnel syndrome on Dr. Vatsal’s website)
  • Knee Injuries and Knee Replacement: Knee injuries are quite common, especially among active individuals. Treatment depends on the nature and severity of the injury, ranging from physiotherapy to surgery. In some cases, knee replacement surgery with advanced techniques like robotic-arm assisted surgery [Robotic Hip Replacement](link to a page on robotic hip replacement surgery on Dr. Vatsal’s website) may be necessary to restore function and alleviate pain.
  • Hip Replacement: This surgery involves replacing a damaged hip joint with an artificial implant. It can significantly improve mobility and quality of life for patients with severe hip pain and arthritis. Dr. Vatsal is a highly skilled hip replacement surgeon [Hip Replacement Surgery](link to a page on Dr. Vatsal’s website) who can discuss various implant options and the surgical process with you in detail.
  • Osteoporosis: This condition weakens bones, making them more susceptible to fractures. While there is no cure, treatment options can help slow bone loss and prevent fractures.
  • Fractures: Orthopaedic surgeons specialize in treating fractures using various techniques, including surgery and non-surgical methods like casting, to promote healing and restore function.
  • Muscle Injuries: Muscle strains, tears, and other injuries can be effectively treated by orthopaedic specialists and physiotherapists. YK Orthopaedics may also offer procedures like synthetic ACL replacement surgery depending on the specific injury.
  • Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease that causes pain and stiffness in joints like the knees and hips. While there is no cure, nonsurgical treatments such as exercise, medication, and weight management can help manage symptoms. In some cases, surgery such as arthroscopy may be necessary.
  • Diabetic Foot Problems: People with diabetes are at higher risk of foot problems due to nerve damage and poor circulation. Proper foot care and regular checkups with a podiatrist or orthopaedic surgeon are crucial for preventing complications.
  • Lower Back Pain: Back pain is a very common complaint and can arise from various causes. Orthopaedic specialists can diagnose the underlying cause and recommend appropriate treatment options, including physiotherapy, medication, or minimally invasive procedures.
  • Slipped Discs: A herniated or slipped disc can cause pain, numbness, and weakness depending on the location of the nerve compression. Treatment options include both surgical and non-surgical approaches.
  • Sciatic Nerve Pain: Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back through the buttocks and down the leg. Orthopaedic specialists can diagnose the underlying cause of sciatica and recommend treatment options.
  • General Ageing: As we age, our musculoskeletal system naturally undergoes wear and tear. Orthopaedic care can help manage age-related conditions like arthritis and maintain mobility and function.

Reasons for the Increasing Demand for Orthopaedic Care:

The demand for orthopaedic care in the Indian subcontinent is rising due to several factors:

  • Increased Participation in Sports: The growing popularity of sports activities leads to a higher incidence of sports injuries requiring orthopaedic intervention.
  • Lifestyle Changes: The rise of desk jobs and less physically active lifestyles can contribute to back pain and other musculoskeletal problems.
  • Aging Population: As the population ages, there is a natural increase in age-related musculoskeletal conditions like osteoarthritis.

If you are experiencing any pain or limitations in your movement, consult Dr. Vatsal at the Khetan Knee Shoulder Clinic. We offer comprehensive diagnosis, treatment options, and advanced surgical techniques to address a wide range of orthopaedic conditions. We can help you regain mobility, improve your quality of life, and get back to enjoying your favorite activities.